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Cant. VII.
The Redcrosse knight is captiuecaptive made
By Gyaunt proud opprest,
Prince Arthure meets with Una great-
ly with those newes distrest.
[1]
What man so wise, what earthly witt so ware,
As to discry the crafty cunning traine,
By which deceipt doth maske in visour faire,
And cast her coulours died deepe in graine,
To seeme like truth, whose shape she well can faine,
And fitting gestures to her purpose frame;
The guiltlesse man with guile to entertaine?
Great maistresse of her art was that false Dame,
The false Duessa, cloked with Fidessaes name.
[2]
Who when returning from the drery Night,
She fownd not in that perilous hous of Pryde,
Where she had left, the noble Redcross knight,
Her hoped pray; she would no lenger byde,
But forth she went, to seeke him far and wide.
Ere long she fownd, whereas he wearie sate,
To rest him selfe, foreby a fountaine syde,
Disarmed all of yron-coted Plate,
And by his side his steed the grassy forage ate.
[3]
Hee feedes vponupon the cooling shade, and bayes
His sweatie forehead in the breathing wynd,
Which through the trẽblingtrembling leauesleaves full gently playes
Wherein the chearefull birds of sundry kynd
Doe chaunt sweet musick, to delight his mynd:mynd,
The witch approching gan him fayrely greet,
And with reproch of carelesnes vnkyndunkynd,
VpbraydUpbrayd, for leauingleaving her in place vnmeetunmeet,
With fowle words tempring faire, soure gall with hony sweet.
[4]
VnkindnesseUnkindnesse past, they gan of solace treat,
And bathe in pleasaunce of the ioyousjoyous shade,
Which shielded them against the boyling heat,
And with greene boughes decking a gloomy glade,
About the fountaine like a girlond made;
Whose bubbling wauewave did euerever freshly well,
Ne euerever would through feruentfervent sommer fade:fade
The sacred Nymph, which therein wont to dwell,
Was out of Dianes fauorfavor, as it then befell.
[5]
The cause was this: one day when Phœbe fayre
With all her band was following the chace,
This Nymph, quite tyr'd with heat of scorching ayre
Satt downe to rest in middest of the race:
The goddesse wroth gan fowly herhe disgrace,
And badd the waters, which from her did flow,
Be such as she her selfe was then in place.
Thenceforth her waters wexed dull and slow,
And all that drinke thereof, dodrunke thereof, diddrunk therefore, did faint and feeble grow.
[6]
Hereof this gentle knight vnweetingunweeting was,
And lying downe vponupon the sandie graile,
Dronke of the streame, as cleare as christall glas;glas, glaſs:glass:
Eftsoones his manly forces gan to fayle,
And mightie strong was turnd to feeble frayle:
His chaunged powres at first them seluesselves not felt,
Till crudled cold his corage gan assayle,
And chearefull blood in fayntnes chill did melt,
Which like a feuerfever fit through all his body swelt.
[7]
Yet goodly court he made still to his Dame,
Pourd out in loosnesse on the grassy grownd,
Both carelesse of his health, and of his fame:
Till at the last he heard a dreadfull sownd,
Which through the wood loud bellowing, did rebownd,
That all the earth for terror seemd to shake,
And trees did tremble. Th'Elfe therewith astownd,
VpstartedUpstarted lightly from his looser make,
And his vnreadyunready weapons gan in hand to take.
[8]
But ere he could his armour on him dight,
Or gett his shield, his monstrous enimy
With sturdie steps came stalking in his sight,
An hideous Geaunt horrible and hye,
That with his tallnesse seemd to threat the skye,
The ground eke groned vnderunder him for dreed;
His liuingliving like saw neuernever liuingliving eye,
Ne durst behold: his stature did exceed
The hight of three the tallest sonnes of mortall seed.
[9]
The greatest Earth his vncouthuncouth mother was,
And blustring AeolusAEolus his boasted syre,
Who with his breath, which through the world doth pas,
Her hollow womb did secretly inspyre,
And fild her hidden cauescaves with stormie yre,
That she conceiu'dconceiv'd; and trebling the dew time,
In which the wombes of wemen doe expyre,
Brought forth this monstrous masse of earthly slyme,
Puft vpup with emptie wynd, and fild with sinfull cryme.
[10]
So growen great through arrogant delight
Of th'high descent, whereof he was yborne,
And through preſumptionpresumption preſu mptionpresu mption of his matchlesse might,
All other powres and knighthood he did scorne.
Such now he marcheth to this man forlorne,
And left to losse: his stalking steps are stayde
VponUpon a snaggy Oke, which he had torne
Out of his mothers bowelles, and it made
His mortall mace, wherewith his foemen he dismayde.
[11]
That when the knight he spyde, he gan aduaunceadvaunce
With huge force and insupportable mayne,
And towardes him with dreadfull fury praunce;
Who haplesse, and eke hopelesse; all in vaine
Did to him pace, sad battaile to darrayne,
Disarmd, disgraste, and inwardlyinwarldlyinwardly dismayde,
And eke so faint in eueryevery ioyntjoynt and vayne,
Through that fraile foũtainfountain, which him feeble made,
That scarsely could he weeld his bootlesse single blade.
[12]
The Geaunt strooke so maynly mercilesse,
That could hauehave ouerthrowneoverthrowne a stony towre,
And were not heuenlyhevenly grace, that him did blesse,
He had beene pouldred all, as thin as flowre:
But he was wary of that deadly stowre,
And lightly lept from vnderneathunderneath the blowblow:blowe:
Yet so exceeding was the villeins powre
That with the winde it did him ouerthrowoverthrow,
And all his sences stoond, that still he lay full low.
[13]
As when that diuelishdivelish yron Engin wrought
In deepest Hell,Hell,, and framd by Furies skill,
With windy Nitre and quick Sulphur fraught,
And ramd with bollet rownd, ordaind to kill,
ConceiuethConceiveth fyre, the heauensheavens it doth fill
With thundring noyse, and all the ayre doth choke,
That none can breath, nor see, nor heare at will,
Through smouldry cloud of duskish stincking smok,
That th'onely breath him daunts, who hath escapt the stroke. (stroke.
[14]
So daunted when the Geaunt saw the knight,
His heauieheavie hand he heauedheaved vpup on hye,
And him to dust thought to hauehave battred quight,
VntillUntill Duessa loud to him gan crye;
O great Orgoglio, greatest vnderunder skye,
O hold thy mortall hand for Ladies sake,
Hold for my sake, and doe him not to dye,
But vanquisht thine eternall bondslauebondslave make,
And me thy worthy meed vntounto thy Leman take.
[15]
He hearkned, and did stay from further harmes,
To gaynesogayne so goodly guerdon, as she spake:
So willingly she came into his armes,
Who her as willingly to grace did take,
And was possessed of his newfound make.
Then vpup he tooke the slombred sencelesse corse,
And ere he could out of his swowne awake,
Him to his castle brought with hastie forse,
And in a Dongeon deep him threw without remorse.
[16]
From that day forth Duessa was his deare,
And highly honourd in his haughtie eye,
He gauegave her gold and purple pall to weare,
And triple crowne set on her head full hye,
And her endowd with royall maiestyemajestye:
Then for to make her dreadeddteaded more of men,
And peoples hartes with awfull terror tye,
A monstrous beast ybredd in filthy fen
He chose, which he had kept long time in darksom den.
[17]
Such one it was, as that renowmed Snake
Which great Alcides in Stremona slew,
Long fostred in the filth of Lerna lake,
Whose many heades out budding euerever new,
Did breed him endlesse labor to subdew:
But this same Monster much more vglyugly was;
For seuenseven great heads out of his body grew,
An yron brest, and back of scaly bras,
And all embrewd in blood, his eyes did shine as glas.
[18]
His tayle was stretched out in wondrous length,
That to the hous of heuenlyhevenly gods it raught,
And with extorted powre, and borrow'd strength,
The euerburningeverburning lamps from thence it braught,
And prowdly threw to ground, as things of naught;
And vnderneathunderneath his filthy feet did tread,
The sacred thinges, and holy heastes foretaught.
VponUpon this dreadfull Beast with seuenfoldsevenfold head
He sett the false Duessa, for more aw and dread.
[19]
The wofull Dwarfe, which saw his maisters fall,
Whiles he had keeping of his grasing steed,
And valiant knight become a caytiuecaytive thrall,
When all was past, tooke vpup his forlorne weed,
His mightie Armour, missing most at need;
His siluersilver shield, now idle maisterlesse;
His poynant speare, that many made to bleed,
The ruefull moniments of heauinesseheavinesse,
And with them all departes, to tell his great distresse.
[20]
He had not trauaildtravaild long, when on the way
He wofull Lady, wofull VnaUna met,
Fast flying from thatthe Paynims greedy pray,
Whilest Satyrane him from pursuit did let:
Who when her eyes she on the Dwarf had set,
And saw the signes, that deadly tydinges spake,
She fell to ground for sorrowfull regret,
And liuelylively breath her sad brest did forsake,
Yet might her pitteous hart be seene to pant and quake.
[21]
The messenger of so vnhappieunhappie newes,
Would faine hauehave dyde: dead was his hart within,
Yet outwardly some little comfort shewes:
At last recoueringrecovering hart, he does begin
To rubb her temples, and to chaufe her chin,
And euerieeverie tender part does tosse and turne:
So hardly he the flitted life does win,
VntoUnto her natiuenative prison to retourne:
Then gins her grieuedgrieved ghost thus to lament &and mourne.
[22]
Ye dreary instruments of dolefull sight,
That doe this deadly spectacle behold,
Why do ye lenger feed on loathed light,
Or liking find to gaze on earthly mould,
Sith cruell fates the carefull thredsthreeds vnfouldunfould,
The which my life and louelove together tyde?
Now let the stony dart of sencelesse cold
Perce to my hart, and pas through euerieeverie side,
And let eternall night ſo ſad ſightso sad sight ſo ſadso sad fro me hyde.
[23]
O lightsome day, the lampe of highest IoueJove,
First made by him, mens wandring wayes to guyde,
When darknesse he in deepest dongeon drouedrove,
Henceforth thy hated face for euerever hyde,
And shut vpup heauensheavens windowes shyning wyde:
For earthly sight can nought but sorow breed,
And late repentance, which shall long abyde.
Mine eyes no more on vanitie shall feed,
But seeled vpup with death, shall hauehave their deadly meed.
[24]
Then downe againe she fell vntounto the ground;
But he her quickly reared vpup againe:
Thrise did she sinke adowne in deadly swownd,
And thrise he her reviu'dreviv'd with busie paine:
At last when life recouerrecover'd had the raine,
And ouerover-wrestled his strong enimy,
With foltring tong, and trembling euerieeverie vaine,
Tell on (quoth she) the wofull Tragedy,
The which these reliques sad present vntounto mine eye.
[25]
Tempestuous fortune hath spent all her spight,
And thrilling sorrow throwne his vtmostutmost dart;
Thy sad tong cannot tell more heauyheavy plight,
25.4. Then: ThanThenThan that I feele ſeeleseele feele, and harbour in mine hart:
Who hath endur'd the whole, can beare ech part.
If death it be, it is not the first wound,
That launched hath my brest with bleeding smart.
Begin, and end the bitter balefull stound;
If lesse, 25.9. then: thanthenthan that I feare, more fauourfavour I hauehave found.
[26]
Then gan the Dwarfe the whole discourse declare,
The subtile traines of Archimago old;
The wanton louesloves of false Fidessa fayre,
Bought with the blood of vanquisht Paynim bold:
The wretched payre transformd to treen mould;
The house of Pryde, and perilles round about;
The combat, which he with Sansioy did hould;
The lucklesse conflict with the Gyaunt stout,
Wherein captiu'dcaptiv'd, of life or death he stood in doubt.
[27]
She heard with patience all vntounto the end,
And strouestrove to maister sorrowfull assay,
Which greater grew, the more she did contend,
And almost rent her tender hart in tway;
And louelove fresh coles vntounto her fire did lay:
For greater louelove, the greater is the losse.
Was neuernever Lady louedloved dearer day,
27.8. Then: ThanThenThan she did louelove the knight of the Redcrosse;
For whose deare sake so many troubles her did tosse.
[28]
At last when feruentfervent sorrow slaked was,
She vpup arose, resoluingresolving him to find
AliueAlive or dead: and forward forth doth pas,
All as the Dwarfe the way to her assynd:
And euerever more in constant carefull mind
She fedd her wound with fresh renewed bale;
Long tost with stormes, and bet with bitter wind,
High ouerover hills, and lowe adowne the dale,
She wandred many a wood, and measurd many a vale.
[29]
At last she chaunced by good hap to meet
A goodly knight, faire marching by the way
Together with his Squyre, arayed meet:
His glitterand armour shined far away,
Like glauncing light of Phœbus brightest ray;
From top to toe no place appeared bare,
That deadly dint of steele endanger may:
Athwart his brest a bauldrick brauebrave he ware,
That shind, like twinkling stars, with stones most pretious rare.
[30]
And in the midst thereof one pretious stone
Of wondrous worth, and eke of wondrous mights,
Shapt like a Ladies head, exceeding shone,
Like Hesperus emongst the lesser lights,
And strouestrove for to amaze the weaker sights;
Thereby his mortall blade full comely hong
In yuoryyvory sheath; ycaru'dycarv'd with curious slights;
Whose hilts were burnisht gold, and handle strong
Of mother perle, and buckled with a golden tong.
[31]
His haughtie Helmet, horrid all with gold,
Both glorious brightnesse, and great terrour bredd,bred;
For all the crest a Dragon did enfold
With greedie pawes, and ouerover all did spredd
His golden winges: his dreadfull hideous hedd
Close couched on the beuerbever, seemd to throw
From flaming mouth bright sparckles fiery redd,
That suddeine horrour to faint hartes did show;
And scaly tayle was stretcht adowne his back full low.
[32]
VponUpon the top of all his loftie crest,
A bounch of heares discolourd diuerslydiversly,
With sprincled pearle, and gold full richly drest,
Did shake, and seemd to daunce for iollityjollity,
Like to an Almond tree ymounted hye
On top of greene Selinis all alone,
With blossoms brauebrave bedecked daintily;
Her WhoſeWhose tender locks do tremble eueryevery one
At euerieeverie little breath, that vnderunder heauenheaven is blowne.
[33]
His warlike shield all closely couercover'd was,
Ne might of mortall eye be euerever seene;
Not made of ſteelesteele ſteeldsteeld , nor of enduring bras,
Such earthly mettals soone consumed beene:
But all of Diamond perfect pure and cleene
It framed was, one massy entire mould,
Hewen out of Adamant rocke with engines keene,
That point of speare it neuernever percen could,
Ne dint of direfull sword diuidedivide the substance would.
[34]
The same to wight he neuernever wont disclose,
But when as monsters huge he would dismay,
Or daunt vnequallunequall armies of his foes,
Or when the flying heauensheavens he would affray:
For so exceeding shone his glistring ray,
That Phœbus golden face it did attaint,
As when a cloud his beames doth ouerover-lay
And siluersilver Cynthia wexed pale and faynt,
As when her face is staynd with magicke arts constraint.
[35]
No magicke arts hereof had any might,
Nor bloody wordes of bold Enchaunters call,
But all that was not such, as seemd in sight,
Before that shield did fade, and suddeine fall:
And when him list the raskall routes appall,
Men into stones therewith he could transmew,
And stones to dust, and dust to nought at all;
And when him list the prouder lookes subdew
He would them gazing blind, or turne to other hew.
[36]
Ne let it ſeemeseeme ſeeneseene that credence this exceedes,
For he that made the same, was knowne right well
To hauehave done much more admirable deedes.
It Merlin was, which whylome did excell
All liuingliving wightes in might of magicke spell:
Both shield, and sword, and armour all he wrought
For this young Prince, when first to armes he fell,fell;
But when he dyde, the Faery Queene it brought
To Faerie lond, where yet it may be seene, if sought.
[37]
A gentle youth, his dearely louedloved Squire
His ſpearespeare fpeare of heben wood behind him bare,
Whose harmeful head, thrise heated in the fire,
Had riuenriven many a brest with pikehead square;
A goodly person, and could menage faire,
His stubborne steed with curbed canon bitt,
Who vnderunder him did ambletrample as the aire,
And chauft chanſtchanst , that any on his backe should sitt;
The yron rowels into frothy fome he bitt.
[38]
When as this knight nigh to the Lady drew,
With louelylovely court he gan her entertaine;
But when he heard her aunswers loth, he knew
Some secret sorrow did her heart distraine:
Which to allay and calme her storming paine,
Faire feeling words he wisely gan display,
And for her humor fitting purpose faine,
To tempt the cause it selfe for to bewray;
Wherewith enmoudenmovd, these bleeding words she gan to say.
[39]
What worlds delight, or ioyjoy of liuingliving speach
Can hart, so plungd in sea of sorrowes deep,
And heaped with so huge misfortunes, reach?
The carefull cold beginneth for to creep,
And in my heart his yron arrow steep,
Soone as I thinke vponupon my bitter bale:
Such helplesse harmes yts better hidden keep,
39.8. Then: ThanThenThan rip vpup griefe, where it may not auaileavaile,
My last left comfort is, my woes to weepe and waile.
[40]
Ah Lady deare, qd.quoth then the gentle knight,
Well may I ween, your grief is wondrous great;
For wondrous great griefe groneth in my spright,
Whiles thus I heare you of your sorrowes treat.
But woefull Lady, let me you intrete,
For to vnfoldunfold the anguish of your hart:
Mishaps are maistred by aduiceadvice discrete,
And counsell mitigates the greatest smart;
Found neuernever help, who neuernever would his hurts impart.
[41]
O but (qd.quoth she) great griefe will not be tould,
And can more easily be thought, 41.2. then: thanthenthan said.
Right ſoso ſo;so; (qd.quoth he) but he, that neuernever would,
Could neuernever: will to might giuesgives greatest aid.
But griefe (qd.quoth she) does greater grow displaid,
If then it find not helpe, and breeds despaire.
Despaire breeds not (qd.quoth he) where faith is ſtaidstaid ſt[inverted]aidst[inverted]aid ſtaidstaid .
No faith so fast (qd.quoth she) but flesh does paire.
Flesh may empaire (qd.quoth he) but reason can repaire.
[42]
His goodly reason, and well guided speach
So deepe did settle in her gracious thought,
That her perswaded to disclose the breach,
Which louelove and fortune in her heart had wrought,
And ſaidsaid said;ſaid; faire Sir, I hope good hap hath brought
You to inquere the secrets of my griefe,
Or that your wisedome will direct my thought,
Or that your prowesse can me yield reliefe:
Then heare the story sad, which I shall tell you briefe.
[43]
The forlorne Maiden, whom your eies hauehave seene
The laughing stocke of fortunes mockeries,
Am th'onely daughter of a King and Queene,
Whose parents deare whiles equal destinies,
Did ronnecomerunne about, and their felicities
The fauourablefavourable heauensheavens did not enuyenvy,
Did spred their rule through all the territories,
Which Phison and Euphrates floweth by,
And Gehons Gebons golden waueswaves doe wash continually.
[44]
Till that their cruell cursed enemy,
An huge great Dragon horrible in sight,
Bred in the loathly lakes of Tartary,
With murdrous rauineravine, and deuouringdevouring might
Their kingdome spoild, and countrey wasted quight:
ThemseluesThemselves, for feare into his iawesjawes to fall,
He forst to castle strong to take their flight,
Where fast embard in mighty brasen wall,
He has them now fowr years besiegd to make thẽthem thrall.
[45]
Full many knights aduenturousadventurous and stout
HaueHave enterprizd that Monster to subdew;
From eueryevery coast that heauenheaven walks about,
HaueHave thither come the noble Martial crew,
That famous harde atchieuementsatchievements still pursew,
Yet neuernever any could that girlond win,
But all still shronke, and still he greater grew:
All they for want of faith, or guilt of sin,
The pitteous pray of his fiers cruelty hauehave bin.
[46]
At last yled with far reported praise,
Which flying fame throughout the world had spred,
Of doughty knights, whom Fary land did raise,
That noble order hight of maidenhed,
Forthwith to court of Gloriane I sped,
Of Gloriane great Queene of glory bright,
Whose kingdomes seat Cleopolis is red,
There to obtaine some such redoubted knight,
That Parents deare from tyrants powre deliuerdeliver might.
[47]
Yt was my chaunce (my chaunce was faire and good)
There for to find a fresh vnprouedunproved knight,
Whose manly handshand imbrewd in guilty blood
Had neuernever beene, ne euerever by his might
Had throwne to groundgtound the vnregardedunregarded right:
Yet of his prowesse proofe he since hath made
(I witnes am) in many a cruell fight;
The groning ghosts of many one dismaide
HaueHave felt the bitter dint of his auengingavenging blade.
[48]
And ye the forlorne reliques of his powre,
His biting sword, and his deuouringdevouring speare,
Which hauehave endured many a dreadfull stowre,
Can speake his prowesse, that did earst you beare,
And well could rule: now he hath left you heare,
To be the record of his ruefull losse,
And of my dolefull disauenturousdisaventurous deare:
O heauieheavie record of the good Redcrosse,
Where hauehave yeeyou left your lord, that could so well you tosse?
[49]
Well hoped I, and faire beginnings had,
That he my captiuecaptive languor should redeeme,
Till all vnweetingunweeting, an Enchaunter bad
His sence abusd, and made him to misdeeme
My loyalty, not such as it did ſeemeseeme ſeeme;seeme;
That rather death desire, 49.6. then: thanthenthan such despight.
Be iudgejudge ye heauensheavens, that all things right esteeme,
How I him lou'dlov'd, and louelove with all my might,
So thought I eke of him, and think I thought aright.
[50]
Thenceforth me desolate he quite forſookeforsooke forfooke,
To wander, where wilde fortune would me lead,
And other bywaies he himselfe betooke,
Where neuernever foote of liuingliving wight did tread,
That brought not backe the balefull body dead;
In which him chaunced false Duessa meete,
Mine onely foe, mine onely deadly dread,
Who with her witchcraft and misseeming sweete,
InueigledInveigled him to follow her desires vnmeeteunmeete.
[51]
At last by subtile sleights she him betraid
VntoUnto his foe, a Gyaunt huge and tall,
Who him disarmed, dissolute, dismaid,
VnwaresUnwares surprised, and with mighty mall
The monster mercilesse him made to fall,
Whose fall did neuernever foe before behold;
And now in darkesome dungeon, wretched thrall,
Remedilesse, for aie he doth him hold;
This is my cause of griefe, more great, 51.9. then: thanthenthan may be told.
[52]
Ere she had ended all, she gan to faint:
But he her comforted, and faire bespake,
Certes, Madame, ye hauehave great cause of plaint,
That stoutest heart, I weene, could cause to quake.
But be of cheare, and comfort to you take:
For till I hauehave acquitt your captiuecaptive knight,
Assure your selfe, I will you not forsake.
His chearefull words reviu'dreviv'd her chearelesse spright,
So forth they went, the Dwarfe thẽthen guiding euerever right.
3.5. mynd:] 1596, 1609; mynd, 1590
4.7. fade:] 1596, 1609; fade 1590
5.5. her] 1590, 1609; he 1596
5.9. drinke thereof, do] 1590; drunke thereof, did 1596, ; drunk therefore, did 1609
6.3. glas;] 1590; glas, 1596, ; glaſs:glass: 1609
9.2. Aeolus] this edn.; AEolus 1590
10.3. preſumptionpresumption ] 1590 state 2; preſu mptionpresu mption 1590 state 1
11.6. inwardly] 1590 state 2; inwarldly 1590 state 1, ; inwardly 1596, 1609
12.6. blow] 1590; blow: 1596, ; blowe: 1609
13.2. Hell,] this edn.; Hell,, 1590
13.9. stroke.] this edn.; (stroke. 1590
16.6. dreaded] 1596, 1609; dteaded 1590
20.3. that] 1590; the 1596, 1609
22.5. threds] 1590; threeds 1596, 1609
22.9. ſo ſad ſightso sad sight ] 1596, 1609; ſo ſadso sad 1590
25.4. feele] FQ190_YM_1, FQ190_HEH_1; feele 1596, 1609, ; ſeeleseele FQ190_HRC_1, FQ190_HRC_2, FQ190_HRC_3, FQ190_PN_3, FQ190_F_1, FQ190_F_2, FQ190_HEH_2, FQ190_BL_1, FQ190_BL_2, FQ190_BL_3, FQ190_CO_WU_1, FQ190_Y_1, FQ190_Y_2, FQ190_UIUC_1
31.2. bredd,] 1590; bred; 1596, 1609
32.8. Her] 1590; WhoſeWhose 1596, 1609
33.3. ſteelesteele ] 1590FE, 1596, 1609; ſteeldsteeld 1590
36.1. ſeemeseeme ] 1590FE, 1596, 1609; ſeeneseene 1590
36.7. fell,] 1590; fell; 1596, 1609
37.2. ſpearespeare ] 1590 state 2; fpeare 1590 state 1
37.7. amble] 1590; trample 1596, 1609
37.8. chauft] 1590FE, 1596, 1609; chanſtchanst 1590
41.3. ſoso ] 1590, 1609; ſo;so; 1596
41.7. ſtaidstaid ] 1590 state 2; ſt[inverted]aidst[inverted]aid 1590 state 1, ; ſtaidstaid 1596, 1609
42.5. ſaidsaid ] 1590; said;ſaid; 1596, 1609
43.5. ronne] 1590FE; come 1590, ; runne 1596, 1609
43.9. Gehons ] 1590; Gebons 1596, 1609
47.3. hands] 1590FE, 1596, 1609; hand 1590
47.5. ground] 1596, 1609; gtound 1590
48.9. yee] 1590; you 1596, 1609
49.5. ſeemeseeme ] 1590; ſeeme;seeme; 1596, 1609
50.1. forſookeforsooke ] 1596, 1609; forfooke 1590
Editorial policy for this edition is to silently close up compounds, there being no warrant to assume that details like spacing and orthography reflect authorial intention. We make an exception here because it is just possible that the 1590 reading accurately renders copy that gave an outdated form deliberately as part of the effort to lend an archaic feel to the language. "Ther to" and "there to" are at least as frequent as "thereto" in Medieval texts; the close-up form appears to have become standard during the sixteenth century.
Building display . . .
Re-selecting textual changes . . .

Introduction

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Textual Changes

The vagaries of early modern printing often required that lines or words be broken. Toggling Modern Lineation on will reunite divided words and set errant words in their lines.

Off: That a large share it hewd out of the rest, (blest. And glauncing downe his shield, from blame him fairely (FQ I.ii.18.8-9) On: That a large share it hewd out of the rest, And glauncing downe his shield, from blame him fairely blest.

Toggling Expansions on will undo certain early modern abbreviations.

Off: Sweet slõbring deaw, the which to sleep them biddes: (FQ I.i.36.4)

Toggling Modern Characters on will convert u, v, i, y, and vv to v, u, j, i, and w. (N.B. the editors have silently replaced ſ with s, expanded most ligatures, and adjusted spacing according contemporary norms.)

Off: And all the world in their subiection held, Till that infernall feend with foule vprore (FQ I.i.5.6-7) On: And all the world in their subjection held, Till that infernall feend with foule uprore

Toggling Lexical Modernizations on will conform certain words to contemporary orthographic standards.

Off: But wander too and fro in waies vnknowne (FQ I.i.10.5) On: But wander to and fro in waies vnknowne.

Toggling Emendations on will correct obvious errors in the edition on which we base our text and modernize its most unfamiliar features.

Most lothsom, filthie, foule, and full of vile disdaine (FQ I.i.14.9) 14.9. Most lothsom] this edn.; Mostlothsom 1590

(The text of 1590 reads Mostlothsom, while the editors’ emendation reads Most lothsom.)

Apparatus

Toggling Collation Notes on will highlight words that differ among printings.

And shall thee well rewarde to shew the place, (FQ I.i.31.5) 5. thee] 1590; you 15961609

(The text of 1590 reads thee, while the texts of 1596 and 1609 read you.)

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Toggling Stanza Numbers on will show the number of the stanza within each canto.

Toggling Glosses on will show the definitions of unfamiliar words or phrases.

To my long approoved and singular good frende, Master G.H. (Letters I.1) 1. long aprooved: tried and true, found trustworthy over a long period