0fq1596.bk5.V.i.0 1fq1596.bk5.V.i.argument.1 2fq1596.bk5.V.i.argument.2 3fq1596.bk5.V.i.argument.3 4fq1596.bk5.V.i.argument.4 1fq1596.bk5.V.i.1.1 2fq1596.bk5.V.i.1.2 3fq1596.bk5.V.i.1.3 4fq1596.bk5.V.i.1.4 5fq1596.bk5.V.i.1.5 6fq1596.bk5.V.i.1.6 7fq1596.bk5.V.i.1.7 8fq1596.bk5.V.i.1.8 9fq1596.bk5.V.i.1.9 1fq1596.bk5.V.i.2.1 2fq1596.bk5.V.i.2.2 3fq1596.bk5.V.i.2.3 4fq1596.bk5.V.i.2.4 5fq1596.bk5.V.i.2.5 6fq1596.bk5.V.i.2.6 7fq1596.bk5.V.i.2.7 8fq1596.bk5.V.i.2.8 9fq1596.bk5.V.i.2.9 1fq1596.bk5.V.i.3.1 2fq1596.bk5.V.i.3.2 3fq1596.bk5.V.i.3.3 4fq1596.bk5.V.i.3.4 5fq1596.bk5.V.i.3.5 6fq1596.bk5.V.i.3.6 7fq1596.bk5.V.i.3.7 8fq1596.bk5.V.i.3.8 9fq1596.bk5.V.i.3.9 1fq1596.bk5.V.i.4.1 2fq1596.bk5.V.i.4.2 3fq1596.bk5.V.i.4.3 4fq1596.bk5.V.i.4.4 5fq1596.bk5.V.i.4.5 6fq1596.bk5.V.i.4.6 7fq1596.bk5.V.i.4.7 8fq1596.bk5.V.i.4.8 9fq1596.bk5.V.i.4.9 1fq1596.bk5.V.i.5.1 2fq1596.bk5.V.i.5.2 3fq1596.bk5.V.i.5.3 4fq1596.bk5.V.i.5.4 5fq1596.bk5.V.i.5.5 6fq1596.bk5.V.i.5.6 7fq1596.bk5.V.i.5.7 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Cant. I.
Artegall trayn’d in IusticeJustice lore
Irenaes quest pursewed,
He doeth auengeavenge on Sanglier
his Ladies bloud embrewed.
Though vertue then were held in highest price,
In those old times, of which I doe intreat,
Yet then likewise the wicked seede of vice
Began to spring which shortly grew full great,
And with their boughes the gentle plants did beat.
But euermoreevermore some of the vertuous race
Rose vpup, inspired with heroicke heat,
That cropt the branches of the sient base,
And with strong hand their fruitfull rancknes did deface.
Such first was Bacchus, that with furious might
All th’East before vntam’duntam’d did ouerronneoverronne,
And wrong repressed, and establisht right,
Which lawlesse men had formerly fordonne.
There IusticeJustice first her princely rule begonne.
Next Hercules his like ensample shewed,
Who all the West with equall conquest wonne,
And monstrous tyrants with his club subdewed;
The club of IusticeJustice dread, with kingly powre endewed.
And such was he, of whom I hauehave to tell,
The Champion of true IusticeJustice Artegall.
Whom (as ye lately mote remember well)
An hard aduentureadventure, which did then befall,
Into redoubted perill forth did call;
That was to succour a distressed Dame,
Whom a strong tyrant did vniustlyunjustly thrall,
And from the heritage, which she did clame,
Did with strong hand withhold: Grantorto was his name.
Wherefore the Lady, which Eirena hight,
Did to the Faery Queene her way addresse,
To whom complayning her afflicted plight,
She her besought of gratious redresse.
That souerainesoveraine Queene, that mightie Emperesse,
Whose glorie is to aide all suppliants pore,
And of weake Princes to be Patronesse,
Chose Artegall to right her to restore;
For that to her he seem’d best skild in righteous lore.
For Artegall in iusticejustice was vpbroughtupbrought
EuenEven from the cradle of his infancie,
And all the depth of rightfull doome was taught
By faire Astræa, with great industrie,
Whilest here on earth she liuedlived mortallie.
For till the world from his perfection fell
Into all filth and foule iniquitie,
Astræa here mongst earthly men did dwell,
And in the rules of iusticejustice them instructed well.
Whiles through the world she walked in this sort,
VponUpon a day she found this gentle childe,
Amongst his peres playing his childish sport:
Whom seeing fit, and with no crime defilde,
She did allure with gifts and speaches milde,
To wend with her. So thence him farre she brought
Into a cauecave from companie exilde,
In which she noursled him, till yeares he raught,
And all the discipline of iusticejustice there him taught.
There she him taught to weigh both right and wrong
In equall ballance with due recompence,
And equitie to measure out along,
According to the line of conscience,
When so it needs with rigour to dispence.
Of all the which, for want there of mankind,
She caused him to make experience
VponUpon wyld beasts, which she in woods did find,
With wrongfull powre oppressing others of their kind.
Thus she him trayned, and thus she him taught,
In all the skill of deeming wrong and right,
VntillUntill the ripenesse of mans yeares he raught;
That eueneven wilde beasts did feare his awfull sight,
And men admyr’d his ouerrulingoverruling might;
Ne any liu’dliv’d on ground, that durst withstand
His dreadfull heast, much lesse him match in fight,
Or bide the horror of his wreakfull hand,
When so he list in wrath lift vpup his steely brand.
Which steely brand, to make him dreaded more,
She gauegave vntounto him, gotten by her slight
And earnest search, where it was kept in store
In IouesJoves eternall house, vnwistunwist of wight,
Since he himselfe it vs’dus’d in that great fight
Against the Titans, that whylome rebelled
Gainst highest heauenheaven; Chrysaor it was hight;
Chrysaor that all other swords excelled,
Well prou’dprov’d in that same day, when IoueJove those Gyants quelled.
For of most perfect metall it was made,
Tempred with Adamant amongst the same,
And garnisht all with gold vponupon the blade
In goodly wise, whereof it tooke his name,
And was of no lesse vertue, 1596.bk5.V.i.10.5. then: thanthenthan of fame.
For there no substance was so firme and hard,
But it would pierce or cleauecleave, where so it came;
Ne any armour could his dint out ward,
But wheresoeuerwheresoever it did light, it throughly shard.
Now when the world with sinne gan to abound,
Astræa loathing lenger here to space
Mongst wicked men, in whom no truth she found,
Return’d to heauenheaven, whence she deriu’dderiv’d her race;
Where she hath now an euerlastingeverlasting place,
Mongst those tweluetwelve signes, which nightly we doe see
The heauensheavens bright-shining baudricke to enchace;
And is the Virgin, fixt in her degree,
And next her selfe her righteous ballance hanging bee.
But when she parted hence, she left her groome
An yron man, which did on her attend
Alwayes, to execute her stedfast doome,
And willed him with Artegall to wend,
And doe what euerever thing he did intend.
His name was Talus, made of yron mould,
ImmoueableImmoveable, resistlesse, without end.
Who in his hand an yron flale did hould,
With which he thresht out falshood, and did truth vnfould.unfould.
He now went with him in this new inquest,
Him for to aide, if aide he chaunst to neede,
Against that cruell Tyrant, which opprest
The faire Irena with his foule misdeede,
And kept the crowne in which she should succeed.
And now together on their way they bin,
When as they saw a Squire in squallid weed,
Lamenting sore his sorowfull sad tyne,
With many bitter teares shed from his blubbred eyne.
To whom as they approched, they espide
A sorie sight, as euerever seene with eye;
An headlesse Ladie lying him beside,
In her owne blood all wallow’d wofully,
That her gay clothes did in discolour die.
Much was he mouedmoved at that ruefull sight;
And flam’d with zeale of vengeance inwardly,
He askt, who had that Dame so fouly dight;
Or whether his owne hand, or whether other wight?
Ah woe is me, and well away (quoth hee)
Bursting forth teares, like springs out of a banke,
That euerever I this dismall day did see:
Full farre was I from thinking such a pranke;
Yet litle losse it were, and mickle thanke,
If I should graunt that I hauehave doen the same,
That I mote drinke the cup, whereof she dranke:
But that I should die guiltie of the blame,
The which another did, who now is fled with shame.
Who was it then (sayd Artegall) that wrought?
And why, doe it declare vntounto me trew.
A knight (said he) if knight he may be thought,
That did his hand in Ladies bloud embrew,
And for no cause, but as I shall you shew.
This day as I in solace sate hereby
With a fayre louelove, whose losse I now do rew,
There came this knight, hauinghaving in companie
This lucklesse Ladie, which now here doth headlesse lie.
He, whether mine seem’d fayrer in his eye,
Or that he wexed weary of his owne,
Would change with me; but I did it denye;
So did the Ladies both, as may be knowne,
But he, whose spirit was with pride vpblowneupblowne,
Would not so rest contented with his right,
But hauinghaving from his courser her downe throwne,
Fro me reft mine away by lawlesse might,
And on his steed her set, to beare her out of sight.
Which when his Ladie saw, she follow’d fast,
And on him catching hold, gan loud to crie
Not so to leaueleave her, nor away to cast,
But rather of his hand besought to die.
With that his sword he drew all wrathfully,
And at one stroke cropt off her head with scorne,
In that same place, whereas it now doth lie.
So he my louelove away with him hath borne,
And left me here, both his &and mine owne louelove to morne.
Aread (sayd he) which way then did he make?
And by what markes may he be knowne againe?
To hope (quoth he) him soone to ouertakeovertake,
That hence so long departed, is but vaine:
But yet he pricked ouerover yonder plaine,
And as I marked, bore vponupon his shield,
By which it’s easie him to know againe,
A broken sword within a bloodie field;
Expressing well his nature, which the same did wield.
No sooner sayd, but streight he after sent
His yron page, who him pursew’d so light,
As that it seem’d aboueabove the ground he went:
For he was swift as swallow in her flight,
And strong as Lyon in his Lordly might.
It was not long, before he ouertookeovertooke
Sir Sanglier; (so cleeped was that Knight)
Whom at the first he ghessed by his looke,
And by the other markes, which of his shield he tooke.
He bad him stay, and backe with him retire;
Who full of scorne to be commaunded so,
The Lady to alight did eft require,
Whilest he reformed that vnciuilluncivill fo:
And streight at him with all his force did go.
Who mou’dmov’d no more therewith, 1596.bk5.V.i.21.6. then: thanthenthan when a rocke
Is lightly stricken with some stones throw;
But to him leaping, lent him such a knocke,
That on the ground he layd him like a sencelesse blocke.
But ere he could him selfe recure againe,
Him in his iron paw he seized had;
That when he wak’t out of his warelesse paine,
He found him selfe vnwistunwist, so ill bestad,
That lim he could not wag. Thence he him lad,
Bound like a beast appointed to the stall:
The sight whereof the Lady sore adrad,
And fain’d to fly for feare of being thrall;
But he her quickly stayd, and forst to wend withall.
When to the place they came, where Artegall
By that same carefull Squire did then abide,
He gently gan him to demaund of all,
That did betwixt him and that Squire betide.
Who with sterne countenance and indignant pride
Did aunswere, that of all he guiltlesse stood,
And his accuser thereuppon defide:
For neither he did shed that Ladies bloud,
Nor tooke away his louelove, but his owne proper good.
Well did the Squire perceiueperceive him selfe too weake,
To aunswere his defiaunce in the field,
And rather chose his challenge off to breake,
1596.bk5.V.i.24.4. Then: ThanThenThan to approueapprove his right with speare and shield.
And rather guilty chose him selfe to yield.
But Artegall by signes perceiuingperceiving plaine,
That he it was not, which that Lady kild,
But that strange Knight, the fairer louelove to gaine,
Did cast about by sleight the truth thereout to straine.
And sayd, now sure this doubtfull causes right
Can hardly but by Sacrament be tride,
Or else by ordele, or by blooddy fight;
That ill perhaps mote fall to either side.
But if ye please, that I your cause decide,
Perhaps I may all further quarrell end,
So ye will sweare my iudgementjudgement to abide.
Thereto they both did franckly condiscend,
And to his doome with listfull eares did both attend.
Sith then (sayd he) ye both the dead deny,
And both the liuingliving Lady claime your right,
Let both the dead and liuingliving equally
Deuided be betwixt you here in sight,
And each of either take his share aright.
But looke who does dissent from this my read,
He for a tweluetwelve moneths day shall in despight
Beare for his penaunce that same Ladies head;
To witnesse to the world, that she by him is dead.
Well pleased with that doome was Sangliere,
And offred streight the Lady to be slaine.
But that same Squire, to whom she was more dere,
When as he saw she should be cut in twaine,
Did yield, she rather should with him remaine
AliueAlive, 1596.bk5.V.i.27.6. then: thanthenthan to him selfe be shared dead;
And rather 1596.bk5.V.i.27.7. then: thanthenthan his louelove should suffer paine,
He chose with shame to beare that Ladies head.
True louelove despiseth shame, when life is cald in dread.
Whom when so willing Artegall perceauedperceaved;
Not so thou Squire, (he sayd) but thine I deeme
The liuingliving Lady, which from thee he reauedreaved:
For worthy thou of her doest rightly seeme.
And you, Sir Knight, that louelove so light esteeme,
As that ye would for little leaueleave the same,
Take here your owne, that doth you best beseeme,
And with it beare the burden of defame;
Your owne dead Ladies head, to tell abrode your shame.
But Sangliere disdained much his doome,
And sternly gan repine at his beheast;
Ne would for ought obay, as did become,
To beare that Ladies head before his breast.
VntillUntill that Talus had his pride represt,
And forced him, maulgre, it vpup to reare.
Who when he saw it bootelesse to resist,
He tooke it vpup, and thence with him did beare,
As rated Spaniell takes his burden vpup for feare.
Much did that Squire Sir Artegall adore,
For his great iusticejustice, held in high regard;
And as his Squire him offred euermoreevermore
To serueserve, for want of other meete reward,
And wend with him on his aduentureadventure hard.
But he thereto would by no meanes consent;
But leauingleaving him forth on his iourneyjourney far’d:
Ne wight with him but onely Talus went.
They two enough t’encounter an whole Regiment.
Building display . . .
Re-selecting textual changes . . .


The toggles above every page allow you to determine both the degree and the kind of editorial intervention present in the text as you read it. They control, as well, the display of secondary materials—collational notes, glosses, and links to commentary.

Textual Changes

The vagaries of early modern printing often required that lines or words be broken. Toggling Modern Lineation on will reunite divided words and set errant words in their lines.

Off: That a large share it hewd out of the rest, (blest. And glauncing downe his shield, from blame him fairely (FQ I.ii.18.8-9) On: That a large share it hewd out of the rest, And glauncing downe his shield, from blame him fairely blest.

Toggling Expansions on will undo certain early modern abbreviations.

Off: Sweet slõbring deaw, the which to sleep them biddes: (FQ I.i.36.4)

Toggling Modern Characters on will convert u, v, i, y, and vv to v, u, j, i, and w. (N.B. the editors have silently replaced ſ with s, expanded most ligatures, and adjusted spacing according contemporary norms.)

Off: And all the world in their subiection held, Till that infernall feend with foule vprore (FQ I.i.5.6-7) On: And all the world in their subjection held, Till that infernall feend with foule uprore

Toggling Lexical Modernizations on will conform certain words to contemporary orthographic standards.

Off: But wander too and fro in waies vnknowne (FQ I.i.10.5) On: But wander to and fro in waies vnknowne.

Toggling Emendations on will correct obvious errors in the edition on which we base our text and modernize its most unfamiliar features.

Most lothsom, filthie, foule, and full of vile disdaine (FQ I.i.14.9) 14.9. Most lothsom] this edn.; Mostlothsom 1590

(The text of 1590 reads Mostlothsom, while the editors’ emendation reads Most lothsom.)


Toggling Collation Notes on will highlight words that differ among printings.

And shall thee well rewarde to shew the place, (FQ I.i.31.5) 5. thee] 1590; you 15961609

(The text of 1590 reads thee, while the texts of 1596 and 1609 read you.)

Toggling Commentary Links on will show links to the editors’ commentary.

Toggling Line Numbers on will show the number of the line within each stanza.

Toggling Stanza Numbers on will show the number of the stanza within each canto.

Toggling Glosses on will show the definitions of unfamiliar words or phrases.

To my long approoved and singular good frende, Master G.H. (Letters I.1) 1. long aprooved: tried and true, found trustworthy over a long period